On the MDG 6 target of combating HIV/AIDS, evidence shows that after a decline from a high of
3.2 per cent in 2006 to a low of 2.2 per cent in 2008, HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in Ghana increased
to 2.9 per cent in 2009 and dropped to 2.0 per cent in 2010.
HIV/AIDS is extremely serious in Ghana. The epidemic is so serious that it will have a profound
impact on the social and economic development of the country well into the future. More than
90% of AIDS cause among persons between ages 15 and 40. AIDS deaths increase the number of
orphans. The incubation period of about eight years between the time a person becomes HIV –
infected to the development of the disease. AIDS is part of the problem in recognizing the special
character of HIV/AIDS.
According to the Ghana Aids Commission-
Current HIV epidemic estimates show that 225,478 persons made up of 100,336 males and 125,141
females are living with HIV in Ghana. There were 12,077 new infections and 15263 AIDS deaths.
30,395 children were living with HIV. A total of 1,704 new child infections occurred in almost equal
proportions by gender. Annual AIDS deaths amongst children is estimated at 2,080(NACP, 2011)1.
By the end of 2011, 59,007 people were on anti-retroviral treatment representing 57.9% of eligible
persons made up of 56,050 adults and 2,957 children. Out of the estimated 0ne million pregnant
women annually, nearly 630,000 received HIV testing and 51% of eligible pregnant women received
ARVs to prevent mother to child transmission. The HIV prevention interventions have been
expanded significantly to cover more and more Ghanaians including key populations such as sex
workers and their clients, men who have sex with men and prisoners. More than 34,000 female
sex workers and 17,000 men who have sex with men were reached with HIV prevention services
throughout the country.
The challenge is making certain that pregnant women are tested in order to prevent passing HIV /
AIDS to the fetus and the fact that a large percentage of people have the virus and don’t know it.
The key is education, education, education and the distribution of condoms.